Jodhpur, once the capital of the former beautiful state of Marwar, is now the second largest city of Rajasthan. Founded in 1459 AD by the Suryavanshi Rao Jodha. Surrounded by its western side by the Mehrangarh Fort, and on the eastern side by the stately sandstone Palace of Umaid Bhawan; the monuments temples and gardens of Jodhpur depict a multi-faceted glory.
Jodhpur constantly blooms around the towering Mehrangarh Fort, built as a stronghold on the counsel of a sage. The beauty and creativity that has gone into the making of this monumental city blaze the life-springs of creative genius that appear incongruent with the harshness of this land and its climate.
Along with Bikaner and Jaisalmer, Jodhpur too is situated on the ancient silk route that linked Central Asia and Northern India with the seaports of Gujarat.
Mehrangarh Fort- In the turbulent political times of 1459 AD. Rao Jodha was advised by a saint to inaugurate an impregnable head-quarter and so, the Mehrangarh Fort was built on a steep hill. This formidable hill top fort is among the best in India with acquisitively latticed windows in residential apartments within. Carved panels and porches, elaborately adorned windows and walls of Moti Mahal, Phool Mahal, Sheesh Mahal, Sileh Khana, seem to make the medieval splendor come alive. A collection of musical instruments, palanquins, royal costumes, furniture and the cannons on the fort’s ramparts are preserved.
Cab :- By Cab Jodhpur to Agra 577 kms, Ajmer 198 kms, Barmer 220 kms, Bikaner 240 kms, Bombay 1073 kms, Delhi 592 kms, Jaipur 343 kms, Jaisalmer 290 kms, Mount Abu 264 kms, Udaipur 275 kms, Ranakpur 175 kms.
Bus :- Regular bus services available from Jodhpur to Ahmedabad, Ajmer, Jaipur, Udaipur, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Ranakpur and Nathdwara.
WHAT TO SEE
One of the most stunning hill forts of Rajasthan, Mehrangarh emerge to rise from the bluff-coloured sandstone hill itself, so well built into the base that it is exhausting to tell where the hill ends and the walls begin.
A bunch of royal cenotaphs in white marble built in 1899 A.D. in memory of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. Within the main cenotaph are the portraits of various Jodhpur rulers.
Located in the Umaid gardens on High Court Road, it has a huge and fairly interesting collection.
Umaid Bhawan Palace
This place was built up for famine relief project in the 20th century. The main aim of this project to provide employment to famine struck population and the most impressive for its size and dimensions.
Mehrangarh Fort Museum
This is an excellent museum with rare and interesting artifacts, textiles, paintings, transport items etc. laid out with utmost care and thought. The Palanquin Gallery and Howdah Gallery display a superb collection of old and costly specimens of great historical value.
Umaid Bhawan Palace Museum
Recently the ruling family of Jodhpur has converted a part of the gigantic Umaid Bhawan Palace as a Palace Museum.
Sightseeing Mondore is located at a distance of 9 km from Jodhpur City. Capital of Marwar before the establishment of Jodhpur, it was beginning in the 6th century. After a marriage alliance between a princess of the original founders, the Pratiharas, and the Rathore Rajah, Rao Chandor.
The artificial Kaylana lake was constructed in 1872 on the site of two former palaces and gardens. Built by Pratap Sing., Kaylana Lake lies west of Jodhpur at a distance of around 8 km from the city, on the Jaisalmer Road.